Thursday 23 December 2021

Review of 2021: Theatre - 10 Favourite Productions

At the time of writing these words, the prospects for live theatre again look precarious, with around half of West End shows cancelled or postponed, and more troubled times for an already beleaguered industry apparently in store. In this climate I'm grateful to have had the chance to see the amount of theatre that I have this year, in England and Poland; the 10 productions below are the ones that have stayed with me the most. 

The Normal Heart (Photo: Helen Maybanks)

The Normal Heart (National Theatre, London) 

Ryan Murphy's 2014 HBO adaptation of Larry Kramer's 1985 classic was so obvious, glossy and overwrought that it put me off the play. Dominic Cooke's bracingly direct, uncluttered National Theatre production made it look like a different work entirely. Robust, sensitive, infused with renewed urgency, and with a couple of heart-grabbing music cues (The Wailin' Jennys covering Dolly Parton plus Brian Kennedy's "Christopher Street" as exit music), the production was anchored by an exceptional ensemble including the mighty Liz Carr and Danny Lee Wynter, and crowned by an(other) extraordinary performance from Ben Daniels as Ned Weeks that dug deeply into the character's anger, obstinacy, pride, love and grief. 

Under Milk Wood (Photograph: Johan Persson)

Under Milk Wood (National Theatre, London) 

The care home setting added so much that was fresh and poignant to Lindsey Turner's beautiful, loving production as  the relationships, dreams and daily doings of the inhabitants of Llareggub became a tale told by a son to make contact with his Alzheimer's-afflicted Dad (the perfect pairing of Michael Sheen and Karl Johnson).

Śmierć na gruszy (Photograph: Agnieszka Cytacka Fotografia)

Śmierć na gruszy  (Death on a Pear Tree) (Teatr CHOREA, Łódź)

Now in its 10th edition, the international theatre festival Retroperspektywy, programmed and hosted by Teatr CHOREA at their HQ of Art_Inkubator, remains a vibrant highlight of summertime in Łódź. While several productions from the festival make it on to this year's list, no show went further in combining the dark, the comic and the absurdist than the premiere of Śmierć na gruszy  (Death on a Pear Tree). Adapted in the most radical fashion by CHOREA and director Łukasz Kos from Witold Wandurski's 1925 satire on militarism and capitalism, the result was a gleefully excessive extravaganza from its opening relay onwards. Kos's production rendered even the interval a riot,  while the second half became a full-on phantasmogoria replete with severed limbs and buckets of blood in its allusions to 20th century conflicts. Both horrifying and hilarious, this was by far the wildest ride I had in a theatre in 2021. 

Powinniśmy być… (Photograph: HaWa)

Powinniśmy być…Impresja na kilka czasowników (We Should Be...Impression on a Few Verbs)  (Teatr CHOREA, Łódź)

Directed and choreographed by Wiktor Moraczewski and Janusz Adam Biedrzycki, this dynamic one hour two-hander combining text, movement and dance seemed a deeply personal project for its talented young performers, Anastazja Bakhtyukova and Michał Rudkowski, suggesting both a portrait of a relationship and an internal dialogue with a divided self. Indelible moments of separation and symbiosis were created, as Tomasz Krukowski's lighting bathed the stage in a rich range of hues, the mood shifting from the playful to the combative to the tender. 

The Cherry Orchard (Photo: Jack Merriman)

The Cherry Orchard (Theatre Royal Windsor)

The (mostly) glowing reviews for Ian McKellen's Hamlet reflected more the current goodwill towards the actor than the merits of the endeavour, since, novelty value aside, neither production nor performance was very good. (The standout was Frances Barber's Polonius, all the more remarkable since Barber was a last-minute replacement for a browned off Steven Berkoff.) Far more accomplished was the follow-up production in Sean Mathias season. Partially cross-cast with Hamlet, this was a beautiful and insightful Cherry Orchard headed by Francesca Annis' magnificent Ranevskaya - and with the bonus of on-stage seating that made the experience an unforgettably intimate one. 

Księżniczki (Photograph: Agnieszka Cytacka Fotografia)

Księżniczki (Princesses (Teatr CHOREA, Łódź)

Uniting The Little Mermaid, Cinderella and Snow White, Julia Jakubowska's show offered a truly delicious mash-up of fairy tale figures, deconstructing archetypes in a manner at once witty, loving and provocative - and with a captivating trio of performers in Anna Maszewska, Katarzyna Gorczyca and Małgorzata Lipczyńska. 

Rockets and Blue Lights

 (Photograph: Brinkhoff-Moegenburg)

 Rockets and Blue Lights (National Theatre, London) 

Turner's legacy, slavery, art, historical representation... Winsome Pinnock's play came stuffed with big themes, and sometimes looked set to sink under their weight. But Miranda Cromwell's atmospheric staging transcended the flaws as it placed past and present in dialogue with elegant expressiveness. 

Schulz: Pętla (Photograph: Agnieszka Cytacka Fotografia)

Schulz: Pętla (Schulz: The Loop (Teatr CHOREA, Łódź)

Expanded from last year's intense and distilled performance Schulz: Skrawki (Schulz: Scraps)  director Konrad Dworakowski's production returned to several motifs from the earlier show but emphasised the power dynamics at the heart of the Bruno Schulz material; the sexy, surreal and unsettling ambience gradually moved into more obviously political terrain.  

JA JESTEM PAMIĘCIĄ (Photograph: Agnieszka Cytacka Fotografia)


Wojciech Faruga's JA JESTEM PAMIĘCIĄ (I AM MEMORY) evoked the culture and history of the Lemkos - the Carpathian highlanders who lived in the Beskid Niski mountain area for four centuries, until a 1947 decree was issued to resettle them- in a way that was both expressionistic and attuned to lived, daily detail, giving the piece the haunting quality of a requiem. 

Twelfth Night (Photograph Krzysztof Bielinski) 

Wieczór Trzech Króli albo Co chcecie (Twelfth Night) (Teatr Narodowy, Warsaw )

Twelfth Night as opera buffa: the musical elements added to Piotr Cieplak's fragrant new production gave some pleasing fresh textures to the most lyrical of Shakespeare's comedies. 

Saturday 11 December 2021

Review of 2021: Cinema - 10 Favourite Films (+ Extras)

All the individual Top 10 Films of the Year lists by Sight and Sound contributors can be read here. My list as submitted is below... along with a few honourable mentions and extra categories. 

 1. The Power of the Dog (dir. Jane Campion)

2. Annette (dir. Leos Carax)

3. Leave No Traces (Żeby nie było śladów) (dir. Jan P. Matuszyński)

4. The Souvenir: Part II (dir. Joanna Hogg)

5. The Tragedy of Macbeth (dir. Joel Coen)

6. Mosquito State (dir. Filip Jan Rymsza)

7. The Lost Daughter (dir. Maggie Gyllenhaal)

8. Never Gonna Snow Again (Śniegu już nigdy nie będzie(dir. Małgorzata Szumowska)

9. Everyone Has a Summer (Każdy ma swoje lato) (dir. Tomasz Jurkiewicz)

10. My Wonderful Life (Moje wspaniałe życie) (dir. Łukasz Grzegorzek)

Honourable Mentions (or seen after submitting the Top 10):

Nowhere Special (dir. Uberto Pasolini)

Hyacinth (dir. Piotr Domalewski)

Passing (dir. Rebecca Hall)

Ammonite (dir. Francis Lee)

Poly Styrene: I Am a Cliché (dir. Celeste Bell, Paul Sng)

Drive My Car (dir. Ryûsuke Hamaguchi)


90th Birthday interview with Claire Bloom at BFI

Festival coverage: New HorizonsPolish Film Festival in Gdynia

50 Years of Sunday Bloody Sunday (A Conversation with Michał Oleszczyk at Cineaste)

Baffling Acclaim Awards: IWOW: I Walk on WaterBeginning, Bad Luck Banging, or Loony Porn, Last Night in Soho, Ultraviolence 

So Bad it's Good Award: Diana: The Musical (rather this than Spencer, any day) 

Favourite Scores: The Power of The Dog (Jonny Greenwood), The Lost Daughter (Dickon Hinchliffe)

Favourite Credit Sequence: Mosquito State

Cinematographer Heroine: Weronika Bilska (Everyone Has a Summer, Bo we mnie jest seks, My Wonderful Life, Songs About Love, Simple Things

TV: Uprising (BBC, dir. Steve McQueen, James Rogan), Stephen (ITV, dir. Alrick Riley)

Unexpected Crush: Adam Woronowicz (My Wonderful Life, Zupa Nic)

Thursday 9 December 2021

Sight and Sound Winter Issue 2021-22


The Winter issue of Sight and Sound is now availabe. It includes the Top 50 Films of the Year list (individual Top 10s are online here), and interviews with Joanna Hogg, Maggie Gyllenhaal, and Paul Thomas Anderson among lots of other features. I wrote a tribute to Melvin Van Peebles and a piece on Nigel Finch's The Lost Language of Cranes for this issue. More details here

Thursday 25 November 2021

Review of Reggie Yates's Pirates (Sight and Sound)


My review of Reggie Yates's film  Pirates, which is out in UK cinemas tomorrow, is in the current issue of Sight and Sound. You can read it here

A Sense of History: Mike Leigh's Period Cinema, BFI online


My piece on Mike Leigh's period films is up at BFI. You can read it here

Thursday 21 October 2021

Where to Begin with Małgorzata Szumowska, BFI Online

I wrote a primer to Małgorzata Szumowska's films for BFI's "Where to begin..." series. You can read it here

Sight & Sound, November 2021 issue


The November 2021 issue of Sight & Sound is out now. I interviewed Małgorzata Szumowska for a feature article on her new film Never Gonna Snow Again (currently out in UK cinemas), wrote about five other Polish films dealing with migration, and reviewed the three-part ITV series Stephen (a sequel to Paul Greengrass's The Murder of Stephen Lawrence) for this issue. More details here.

Thursday 30 September 2021

Powrót do Gdyni: on the 46th Polish Film Festival (20-25 September 2021)


Held online-only in a delayed edition last December, where its condensed programme included Piotr Domalewski's Jak najdalej stąd (I Never Cry)Małgorzata Szumowska's Śniegu już nigdy nie będzie (Never Gonna Snow Again), and Tomasz Jurkiewicz's Każdy ma swoje lato  (Everyone Has a Summer), Polish Film Festival's 46th edition was able to take place in person in Gdynia last week. "Poland's Cannes" is a Festival that means a lot to me, so seeing it return to full power this year was heartening, to say the least. 

Jacek Bromski and Agnieszka Holland
(Photo: PAP Adam Warzawa)

Retaining (some might say regaining) its central place in the nation's film culture, the Festival remains dedicated to honouring Polish film past, with an expanded "Pure Classics" selection that this year celebrated Munk and Kieślowski and presented a Platinum Lions Award for lifetime achievement to Agnieszka Holland, who, noting her position as the first female recepient, highlighted the dire situation of refugees currently at the Polish border in her speech. 

Tomasz Kolankiewicz (Photo: Materialy Prasowe)

Most importantly, of course, FPFF is there to showcase Polish film present via its three central strands: the Main Competition, the Microbudget Competition, and the Short Film Competition. Lacking an artistic director for a couple of years, the Festival is now under the creative stewardship of Tomasz Kolankiewicz, whose intelligent guidance showed in a highly diverse but coherent programme that made for one of the most satisfying Gdynias I've attended, matching the strong showings of the 2015 and 2018 editions (and, incidentally, compensating for this year's quite disappointing New Horizons). Further reviews of individual films and interviews from the Festival will be published in the coming months but I wanted to first record a few more personal impressions of the event here. 

(Un)acceptable in the '80s

A quickly-apparent aspect of this year's programme was the amount of films looking back to the 1980s, a fraught, transformative decade in Polish history that contemporary filmmakers evidently feel freshly compelled to investigate. Director Jan P. Matuszyński described this period to me as one "full of untold stories," and it's this rich seam that writers and directors are mining in both political and personal ways, as they approach the era with attitudes ranging from wry nostalgia to fierce critique. 

Matuszyński's own film falls firmly into the latter camp. Opening in 1983, Żeby nie było śladów (Leave No Traces), which debuted at Venice and screens at London FF in a couple of weeks, is a rich, chunky drama about the case of Grzegorz Przemek. A high school graduate and son of poet and activist Barbara  Sadowska (Sandra Korzeniak), the young man was arrested by the Militia after refusing to show his  ID. With friend Jurek (Tomasz Ziętek), he's taken into custody and viciously assaulted (the title refers to an officer's stipulation to "leave no marks" on the body), subsequently dying in hospital of his injuries. The wide-ranging government cover-up operation that seeks to discredit Jurek as the only witness is the central focus of the film. 

Matuszyński is a formidably intelligent filmmaker and, perhaps inspired by his work on the very entertaining 8-part Król series, he here combines an expansive approach with the intimacy that distinguished his indelible debut feature Ostatnia Rodzina (The Last Family) (2016). Some commentators have critiqued this strategy, deeming the result overlong and diffuse. For me, Leave No Traces remained the Festival's most accomplished film. Vivid, sensitive, absorbing, and one of the few works I've seen this year that truly earns and uses its lengthy running time, its impact is also enhanced by the case's connection to a wider, post-George Floyd focus on instances of police brutality, the kind explored in (Black) British contexts in Steve McQueen's Mangrove and Ken Fero's documentaries, such as the recent Ultraviolence

While Leave No Traces constructs a portrait of People's Republic corruption with intertexts ranging from Wajda's cinema to Michael Mann's epically-scaled crime dramas, other films took radically different approaches to '80s realities. Mateusz Rakowicz's super-stylised Najmro. Kocha, kradnie, szanuje (The Getaway King) turns the decade into the setting for an exuberant caper comedy that plays out as a hyper Polish take on David Lowery's The Old Man & the Gun (2018),  with a star performance from Dawid Ogrodnik as the endlessly-absconding criminal. 

Kinga Dębska's Zupa Nic, meanwhile, presents PRL privations in the context of a warm but tart family comedy drama. (Dębska's characterful films never seem to have much luck with English language titles, though: Zupa Nic has been witlessly translated as Back Then - a bland moniker that could potentially fit about half the films in this year's Main Competition.)

Zupa Nic

Episodic to the point of plotlessness, Zupa Nic turns a bit too soft as it progresses but it's delightfully performed, often laugh-out-loud funny - "That line freak would buy a tank if people were queuing up for it!" complains Kinga Preis' harried, Solidarity-active matriarch following a questionable purchase made by her spouse (adorable Adam Woronowicz) - and certainly Dębska's most satisfying film since Moje córki krowy (These Daughters of Mine, gah) back in 2015. 

Powrót do Legolandu

A similar savouring of '80s domestic detail and attention to coveted objects (from Lego to VCRs) was evident in Konrad Aksinowicz's Powrót do Legolandu (Return to Legoland), based, like Zupa Nic, on its writer-director's own background. Maciej Stuhr stars here as an apparently charming patriarch returning to his wife and teenage son with shiny Western goodies after a prolonged period in the US. Joyous to start, the film boasts a mid-point tonal shift that Aksinowicz fumbles, turning the piece into a monotonous and uninsightful domestic melodrama about the difficulties of living with an alcoholic that serves as little more than a vehicle for Stuhr to deliver a committed (but indulgent) display of drunk acting. 

Hyacinth © Bartosz Mrozowski

Gay Times and Country Life

A highlight of New Horizons, where it premiered last month, Piotr Domalewski's Netflix-produced Hyacinth (which won Marcin Ciastoń this year's best screenplay prize) exemplifies the kind of "untold story" to which Matuszyński referred in its focus on the targeted campaign against homosexuals in mid-80s Poland known as "Akcja Hiacynt". Also concerned with police brutality, and boasting another fine performance from Tomasz Ziętek, this time on the other side of the law (for a while, at least), the film stood up extremely well to a second viewing, revealing beneath its police procedural trappings a love story between two protagonists who are each concealing the whole truth from the other.

Wszystkie nasze strachy

As a film about Polish LGBTQ+ experience Hyacinth was joined in the FPFF Main Competition by Wszystkie nasze strachy (Fearsdirected by Łukasz Ronduda and Łukasz Gutt, which was the eventual winner of the top Golden Lions prize for Best Film. The film is inspired by the life of Daniel Rycharski, the gay Catholic artist from the village of Kurówka. It makes the suicide of an (underwritten) lesbian friend the catalyst for the decision of Rycharski (played by Dawid Ogrodnik with the artist's signature bleached blonde hair and rainbow-striped tracksuit) to suggest a Way of the Cross for his friend as a redemptive action undertaken by the whole community whom he sees as implicated in her death. 

Daniel Rycharski & Dawid Ogrodnik. (Fot. Jarosław Sosiński)

Compromised by several aspects including the miscasting of Ogrodnik, a generally uncritical acceptance of Rycharski's own self-image, and an overreliance on choral vocalising to whip up an emotional response, Wszystkie nasze strachy's scooping of the main prize surely represented a politically-motivated gesture of LGBTQ+ solidarity on the jury's part. Lacking an objective stance on its hero, the film still scores in some of its intimate scenes (the protagonist's interactions with his supportive babcia are a crowd-pleasing highlight), its beautiful cinematography (by Gutt), and the subtler moments in which the screenplay by Ronduda, Katarzyna Sarnowska and Michał Oleszczyk attends a bit to the contradictions inherent in Rycharski's position as a figure self-consciously bridging contemporary Poland's polarisation. 

Here and Now, Black and White 

A less high-profile but intriguing exploration of the Polish province, religion and desire came courtesy of Po miłość / Pour l'amour, which screened in the Microbudget Competition. Andrzej Mańkowski's decidedly odd drama puts Jowita Budnik (who also makes the most of a small role as the grieving mother in Wszystkie nasze strachy) through the physical and emotional mill. Here Budnik plays a school cleaner, Marlena, who finds herself caught between an abominable husband with a drinking problem and a smooth-talking Senegalese scammer (Mamadou Ba) who contacts her via a social media app. 

Much concerned with the escapist and exploitative potential of Internet interaction - which it also explores via a not-too-subtly-developed subplot involving Budnik's young colleague (Patrycja Ziniewicz) who ends up slut-shamed by the rural community - the film begins promisingly. But its attempt to blend social realism with fantasy in sequences in which Marlena visualises her online beau as present with her (accompanied by jaunty "African" music, natch) proves ill-advised.

Budnik's powerful performance holds the film together, though the shrill climax, which literalises the heroine's position as a trapped woman, is painfully over-extended. Undoubtedly feminist, the film is a bit more problematic when it comes to race issues. The topic of African online scammers is one that Western liberal filmmakers, obsessively dedicated to portraits of Black heroism or victimhood at the moment, would be sure to shy away from, and Ba (an actor known for his work with Warsaw's Teatr Powszechny) manages to bring some subtler shadings to the role later on. But the fact that the only non-white character to feature in the some 17 films I saw at this year's festival is, at base, a negative stereotype indicates (like the brief moment of racist caricaturing that cropped up in Smarzowski's Kler three years ago) that Polish cinema has a long way to go when it comes to effectively broadening its scope of ethnic representation.

As Po miłość and Wszystkie nasze strachy show, the films at FPFF 2021 didn't ignore the contemporary world. Several more took on social topics, such as Michał Otłowski's Lokatorka (The Tenant. You Can't Burn Us All), a blunt critique of "wild privatisation" that uncovers a web of corruption beneath the recent removals of social housing tenants from buildings reclaimed by their owners. The film's highlighting of the disparagement of such tenants as worthless wastrels within capitalist society is certainly well-intentioned (one envisages Ken Loach nodding approval) but the style and execution are basic, to say the least. 

At the other end of the scale of creativity was Filip Jan Rymsza's Mosquito State, an ambitious blend of bio/body horror and corporate black comedy in which the consequences of a mosquito bite become less a threat than a liberation for the socially awkward Wall Street hero (Beau Knapp). Its title evoking both a personal condition and a parasitic social system, the film offers an idiosyncratic origin story for the 2007-2008 financial crisis while also keeping us immersed in its protagonist's freaky headspace. From its leisurely, artfully-designed title sequence onwards, the movie is a trip, and was a deserved winner of the "Visions Apart" and Best Sound prizes. 

Inni Ludzie

Also offering a wild ride of a different kind was Aleksandra Terpińska's  Inni Ludzie (Other People), adapted from Dorota Masłowska's 2018 text. The film brings together Poland's haves and have-nots via the relationship between an aspiring rapper (Jacek Beler, a surprise winner of the Best Actor prize) and his wealthy older lover (Sonia Bohosiewicz), translating Masłowska's language to the screen in the form of an attention-grabbing hip hop musical, complete with narrating Jesus (Sebastian Fabijański).

Frenetic to a fault, Inni Ludzie won many admirers. But some deft touches notwithstanding (those who loved the brief bout of musical muff-diving in Leos Carax's Annette will thrill to several sung-through sex sequences here), I found the film increasingly repellent: obvious in its social points, tonally one-note, and so smugly scuzzy in content that you might feel like a bath afterwards. (The rhymes yield some unintentional comedy, too, at least in their translated form. Sample: "He badly wanted a Lego Space Rover/Would've had a hard-on - if he'd been older.")

Those seeking a more modest take on the musical could find it in the Microbudget Competition, where Tomasz Habowski's Piosenki o miłości (Songs About Love) (the eventual winner of said competition), served up a pleasing confection about a drifting rich boy (Tomasz Włosok) with musical ambitions and the underconfident waitress (Justyna Święs, of The Dumplings) with whom he collaborates after overhearing her sing. Black-and-white for the most part but turning to colour for its social media inserts, the film has plenty of charm, some insight and bite, a nice dash of Nouvelle Vague spirit (as indicated by that Honoré-alluding title), and a brilliant performance from Andrzej Grabowski as the hero's self-regarding actor Dad.

Performance was indeed a pleasure of many of the films at this year's festival, from the great Agata Buzek bringing her vaguely extraterrestrial quality to the part of Jo, an English teacher undergoing entwined personal and professional tensions in Łukasz Grzegorzek's delicious Moje wspaniałe życie (My Wonderful Life) to Maria Dębska's radiant star turn in Bo we mnie jest seks (Autumn Girl), Katarzyna Klimkiewicz's stylised, intermittently enjoyable retro musical about Kalina Jędrusik. Props, too, to the brilliant DP Weronika Bilska, whose cinematography on Everyone Has a Summer I already admired, for her superb work on both of these films and her loving lighting of their heroines. (The in-demand Bilska shot Piosenki o miłości, too!) 

Dialogue not division 

One takeaway from this year's festival was that Polish films currently tend to be reliant upon a journalistic approach, mostly dramatising historical/contemporary events or figures and using the "Based on true events" tag as a stamp of authenticity. (In this context, the cheeky slogan that precedes Bo we mnie jest seks - "The events presented in this film may or may not have happened" - seems quite subversive.)  

This is not an exclusively Polish issue (rather, it may be linked to a wider distrust of "fiction" in our over-mediated age), and it's not necessarily a problem when it yields films of the quality of Leave No Traces. Still, one would hope to see directors letting loose with their imaginations more (in the vein of Mosquito State) and further embracing the expressive potential of the medium. Nonetheless, FPFF 2021's uniting of new and established talents (with a significant number of young or debuting directors in the Main and Microbudget Competitions) and its open attitude were bracing, and bode well for the future of the festival based, in Kolankiewicz's phrase, "on dialogue not division."

The 46th Polish Film Festival took place in Gdynia between 20-25 September 2021. 

Sunday 26 September 2021

Review of Uprising in Sight and Sound

My review of Steve McQueen and James Rogan's three-part  BBC documentary series about the New Cross Fire, Uprising, is in the October issue of Sight and Sound and on the magazine's website. You can read it here


Monday 30 August 2021

Meeting / Community / Celebration - A Report on Retroperspektywy Festival 2021, Łódź

Now in its 10th edition, the international theatre festival Retroperspektywy, hosted and programmed by Teatr CHOREA at their HQ of Art_Inkubator, remains a vibrant highlight of summertime in Łódź.  The festival features all kinds of performances, workshops, talks, discussions and presentations across its ten August days, and the title of this year's just-concluded edition - Spotkanie / Wspólnota / Święto (Meeting / Community / Celebration) - felt particularly significant.

Not only are those concepts central to the Festival's ethos (and to that of CHOREA as a company more broadly), they also seem freshly potent following the previous, pandemic-stricken 18 months. (Against all odds, the festival was able to take place, between Polish lockdowns, last summer. I wrote about it here.) As Artistic Director Tomasz Rodowicz notes of this year's edition: "We invited creators who, through their artistry, refer to the oldest function of performative arts - celebration - in the meaning of something extraordinary and pleasing... It is a celebration bringing new reality to viewers - happiness and hope rather than chaos and destruction."

That's not to say that this year's festival was all about fun. On the contrary, the rich range of work on display encompassed a variety of emotional registers. Wojciech Faruga's JA JESTEM PAMIĘCIĄ (I AM MEMORY), for instance, offered a moving evocation of the culture and history of the Lemkos: the Carpathian highlanders who lived in the Beskid Niski mountain area for four centuries, until a 1947 decree was issued to resettle them - along with Hutsuls and other ethnic groups. 


Reminiscent of the sections dealing with Hutsul traditions that formed a thread throughout Mariusz Grzegorzek's great 2018/2019 Łódź Film School Diploma Show Pomysłowe Mebelki z Gąbki (Fever),  I AM MEMORY evokes the culture and history of the Lemkos in a way that is both expressionistic and attuned to lived, daily detail. At once sensitive and bold, the production invokes Lemkos legends such as that of the "sleeping army" through sometimes startling theatrical language. Faruga and Wojciech Nowak's extraordinary lighting captures the cast (comprised of theatre professionals and local community members) in a range of attitudes and positions, and at times gives the piece the haunting quality of a requiem. 

Ghost Dance

Spirits were also conjured in Ghost Dance, a work by another invited company with a strong community emphasis - the Goleniów-based Teatr Brama. Director Daniel Jacewicz and an eight-strong cast - Jenny Crissey, Joanna Kalinowska, Edyta Rogowska, Aleksandra Ślusarczyk, Patryk Bednarski, Maciej Ratajczyk, Wojciech Rosiński, and Oliwier Szałagan - explore war, cultural erasure and oppression through movement, music, poems, and songs. The latter range from beautiful choral interludes to a multiple-language rendition of "I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier" and a wonderfully barbed ditty on the subject of performative social media virtue-signalling. 

Defiantly international in its conception and composition, and with drums as a symbolic centre (just as a drum functions at one point in I AM MEMORY), the performance counters the despair of much of its subject matter by finding a through-line of hope and resistance in various practices and arts. Connecting the Native American ritual which gives the piece its title to the work of the Beats and others, the show is by turns angry, ludic and lyrical. 

A 60s counterculture spirit was evident, too, in the Gdańsk-based Teatr Dada von Bzdülöw's Koniec Wielkiej Wojny (The End of the Great War), a Dadaist revue that gained momentum as it progressed, especially when its indefatigable quintet - Katarzyna Chmielewska, Katarzyna Ustowska, Leszek Bzdyl, Piotr Stanek, Wojan Trocki - each took to the microphone to sing. But perhaps no show went further in combining the dark, the comic and the absurdist than the premiere of Śmierć na gruszy  (Death on a Pear Tree).   

Śmierć na gruszy (Death on a Pear Tree)

Adapted in the most radical fashion by CHOREA and director Łukasz Kos from Witold Wandurski's 1925 satire on militarism and capitalism, the result is a gleefully excessive extravaganza from its exhilarating opening relay onwards. Elina Toneva's scythe-toting Death (at one point seen roaming Piotrkowska Street via video footage) and Rodowicz's chain-smoking Jesus are among the production's most indelible creations. But all of the cast members - Joanna Chmielecka, Joanna Filarska, Paweł Głowaty, Julia Jakubowska, Michał Jóźwik, Sara Kozłowska, Małgorzata Lipczyńska, Anna Maszewska, Wiktor Moraczewski, and Ewa Otomańska - manage to make their mark in this delirious collective endeavour, while the contributions of the on-stage musicians Grzegorz Fajngold (synthesizers), Piotr Gwadera (drums, percussion), and Piotr Andrzejewski (guitar, bass, moog) add to the punkish energy of the piece. 

Śmierć na gruszy (Death on a Pear Tree)

Kos's production renders even the interval a riot, with the audience invited on stage for drinks and nibbles in celebration of Death's defeat. The second half gets even wilder, with severed limbs and buckets of blood creating a full-on phantasmogoria replete with allusions to 20th century conflicts. By far the funniest show I've seen CHOREA perform, and among their most risk-taking, this wild cackle in the face of death is an unforgettable spectacle that's as horrifying as it is hilarious. 

Śmierć na gruszy  (Death on a Pear Tree)

The Festival also gave another opportunity to experience a couple of previously-premiered CHOREA ventures, including the bold dance duet Powinniśmy być…Impresja na kilka czasowników (We Should Be...Impression on a Few Verbs) which I reviewed at its opening in May. Schulz: Pętla, (Schulz: The Loop), meanwhile, was derived from the company's Schulz: Skrawki (Schulz: Scraps), which opened last year's festival. 

Schulz: Pętla

Much expanded from that intense and distilled performance, the new production returns to several motifs from the earlier show but emphasises the power dynamics at the heart of the Bruno Schulz material, finally moving into more obviously political, absurdist terrain.  

Schulz: Pętla

The six-strong main cast -  Janusz Adam Biedrzycki, Joanna Chmielecka, Michał Jóźwik, Majka Justyna, Małgorzata Lipczyńska, and Tomasz Rodowicz, accompanied by director Konrad Dworakowski and musicians Paweł Odorowicz and Zofia Łęczycka - work together wonderfully well, with one sequence proving that all you need is Lipczyńska, Jóźwik, a book, and Joanna Jaworska-Maciaszek's choreography to create the quintessence of stage sexuality. 

Schulz: Pętla

Alongside Anna Maszewska and Katarzyna Gorczyca, Lipczyńska was one of the heroines of Księżniczki (Princesses). The other heroine of this event is Julia Jakubowska, who wrote and directed this delicious mash-up of fairy-tale figures. 

Księżniczki (Princesses)

Uniting The Little Mermaid, Cinderella and Snow White, Jakubowska's show deconstructs female archetypes in a way that's provocative, loving and witty: one sequence, with Maszewska "performing" masculinity to the full-on competitive reactions of her two fellow cast members, made me weep with laughter. Offering a fresh take on contemporary feminist revisionings of fairy-tale tropes, this beautiful show deserves to be widely seen.

Księżniczki (Princesses)

The recurrent themes of war and conflict that featured in many of this year's shows ensured that the Festival never shied away from exploring "failed" or more problematic aspects of the concept of community.  

Sekundowa wspólnota (Second Community)

Still, the Festival boasted multiple moments of pure, unadulterated joy, many of them dissolving the boundaries between performers and audience. These included the ecstatic courtyard conga that concluded Sekundowa wspólnota (Second Community), a delightful outdoor performance featuring the Children's Theater, Youth Theater and Senior Theater Groups; and Saturday night's riotously enjoyable concert by the Czech brass ensemble HarMálek Orchestr.

The final day's offerings included Dzień Dobry Pinky Mouse!, a family show of gleeful exuberance. Written and directed by Ola Shaya and Joanna Filarska, the show is part pantomime, part concert and part cabaret, and boasts a heartwarming (and politically resonant) message. Between performances, those attending the Festival also had the opportunity to experience Finnish artist Johanna Alanko's beautiful work: a large display of painted ceramic eggs in the exhibition "Eternal Time is Born Today." 

Inclusive by nature, Retroperspektywy could extend its reach yet further by surtitling performances to attract non-Polish speaking audiences. Nonetheless, the aforementioned events, and numerous others experienced over the 10 days, conspired to make this 10th edition of the Festival as pleasing as it was extraordinary. 

Dzień Dobry Pinky Mouse!


The 10th Retroperspektywy Festival took place in Łódź between 20th-29th August. Full details of the Festival programme are here